Publication Ethics

The author and the journal’s staff (editor-in-chief, editorial board members, internal manager, editor, and publisher) must accept the ethics charter of the journal and be in unanimous agreement upon it.


The ethics charter devised by COPE provides leadership in thinking on publication ethics.

This journal is following Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and complies with the highest ethical standards in accordance with ethical laws.

The journal allow the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.

The journal allow the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions.

 Publication Decisions

Copyright rules on reproduction or adaptation of literary works must be observed by the journal and it is expected that the individuals' rights are all retained at the time of publication.

 Fair Review of Manuscripts

Decisions on submitted manuscripts must, at every stage, be made regardless of the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious, ethnic, civic beliefs, or political orientations of the authors.

 Confidentiality of Information

Private information of authors must remain well-protected and confidential among all individuals having access to it such as the editor-in-chief, editorial board members, internal and executive managers of the journal or other concerned parties such as reviewers, advisors, editor, and the publisher.

 Double blind peer review

The publication uses a two-way secret arbitration process to evaluate all articles.


Making use of contents and results of other studies must be done with proper citation. Written permission should be obtained for use of copyrighted materials from other sources. 

 Duties of Reviewers

  1. Assisting the editorial board to make decisions

    Reviewers should assist the editor-in-chief to assess the quality, content, and academic value of the submitted papers and to make editorial decisions. Through editorial communications with authors, they may also assist authors in improving their manuscripts.


  2. Acting promptly

    Upon the initial screening of a submitted manuscript, the designated reviewers must immediately inform the journal’s editor-in-chief about the results. Reviewers may refuse to review a manuscript altogether because the subject is not within their area of expertise, or because they do not have enough time to do it. Furthermore, reviewers should contact the editor-in-chief to let him/her know they would be completing the review with some delay due to busy schedule, inadequate facilities, etc.


  3. Safeguarding confidentiality of information

    Reviewers are expected to consider all the information inside manuscripts as confidential and do their best for safeguarding confidentiality and preserving information security.


  4. Reviewing based on solid evidence and transparent scientific reasoning

    Reviewing manuscripts must be carried out based on robust scientific evidence, sufficient reasoning and clear justification. The evidence should be presented to the journals and authors. Reviewers must ensure that their opinions are not influenced by personal taste or ethnic, religious, and other types of prejudices.


  5. Paying attention to the sources cited in the manuscript

    Inspecting the sources used in a manuscript is another duty of reviewers. All published works, statements, and quotations used in academic manuscripts should be accompanied by the relevant citations and be duly cited in the Bibliography section.


  6. Avoiding conflicts of interest

    Reviewers must refuse to consider academic papers in which lie the interests of certain individuals, institutions and organizations, or papers on which they suspect their opinions may be influenced by personal relationships or connections.


  Duties of Authors

  1. Reporting standards

    The authors are expected to devise cohesive and scientifically sound manuscripts in accordance with the standards of academic journals. The stated methodology of the manuscript must have been employed properly and the underlying data should be reported accurately. The rights of other individuals should be honored and preserved thorough proper citation. Sensitive or unethical issues, subjective opinions, ethnic or religious prejudices, fake or inaccurate information and translation of other works without citing the original source need to be avoided completely.

  2. Raw data access and retention

    Authors may be asked to provide the raw data, interviews, and questionnaires in connection with a manuscript for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if required.

  3. Authenticity and originality of manuscripts

    The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if they have used the work and/or words of others this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

  4. Multiple, redundant or concurrent publications

    Submitting the same manuscript to multiple journals concurrently, or those previously published by other institutions, constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

  5. Acknowledgement of sources

    All the books, journals, websites, and research works done by others should be properly cited in the Bibliography section.

  6. Authorship of the manuscript

    ‘Corresponding author’ refers to someone who has made a significant contribution to planning, preparation, designing, and execution of the reported study and authorship of the submitted paper. Other possible contributors should be listed as co-authors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the manuscript, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and have agreed to its submission for publication.


  7. Hazards and human or animal subjects

    All significant hazards potentially posed as a result of the research towards humans or other living organisms must be clearly stated in the manuscript.

  8.  Sponsors

    The authors are required to mention the financial sponsors of their study.


  9. Fundamental errors in published works

The authors are expected to promptly notify the editorial board in case they discover instances of error or inaccuracy in their manuscript, and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.


Online plagiarism checker software is used to detect similarities between the submitted manuscripts and other published papers.