عنوان مقاله [English]
Objective: The need to identify the characteristics of the academic textbook and the unavailability of explicit criteria for the compilation of academic textbooks led to a study to identify the characteristics of textbook in order to develop a model with a qualitative meta-analysis approach.
Method: A qualitative meta-analysis and tool from Sandlowski & Barroso seven-step model were used, only articles in domestic scientific journals and international conferences (1380-1399) and foreign (1989-2020) in the field of books were used. University courses written, reviewed. The study population is 150 sources including articles, books and dissertations, which according to the criterion of relevance of 56 sources were selected in a targeted manner until achieving information saturation. The Kappa index has been used to control the quality of the qualitative hybrid method. Maxqda software was used for coding.
Results: Based on result of Cohen's kappa test, value of the index was calculated to be 0.638, with valid agreement level. the model is presented from two quality levels of 4 concepts (appearance, structure, content and writing) and function, which are important components; 8 concepts (information, evolutionary, systematic, regulatory, self-learning, educational, integration and coordination) are composed.
Conclusion: categories and concepts of textbook were reviewed and academic textbook model was developed. The model of the present study is different from other models in order to further integrate the features of textbook and design clearly and eliminate the shortcomings of the previous models. New textbook design template helps professors, students and authors to select, study and write textbooks.